Connecting the Resource Nexus to Basic Urban Service Provision – with a Focus on Water-Energy Interactions in New York City


Sustainable Cities and Society
Rebecka Ericsdotter Engström
Mark Howells
Georgia Destouni
Vatsal Bhatt
Morgan Bazilian
Hans-Holger Rogner
1 May 2017

This paper proposes and applies a technology-independent “reference resource-to-service system” framework for concurrent evaluation of urban water and energy system interventions and their ‘nexus’ or ‘interlinkages’. In a concrete application, data that approximate New York City conditions are used to evaluate a limited set of interventions in the residential sector, spanning from low-flow toilet shifts to extensive green roof installations.