Low-carbon Development: Opportunities for Nigeria


World Bank
Raffaello Cervigni
John Allen Rogers
Max Henrion
29 May 2013

The Federal Government of Nigeria has formulated an ambitious strategy to make Nigeria the world’s 20th largest economy by 2020. The authors of this report argue there are many ways Nigeria can achieve this vision with up to 32 per cent lower carbon emissions. The Federal Government of Nigeria and the World Bank analyzed the implications of climate change for Nigeria's development agenda, and this report focuses on low-carbon development. Building on the work under way on Nigeria's nationally appropriate mitigation actions, the authors evaluate opportunities to pursue national development priorities using technologies and interventions that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, referred to here as low-carbon options. Chapter 2 provides essential background on the country and the economic sectors. Chapter 3 describes the analytical approach taken and summarizes how scenarios were developed, methods of analysis, models, and the data and general assumptions used. Chapters 4–7 present the analysis and results for each sector: agriculture and land use, oil and gas, power, and transport. Each of these chapters introduces the sector and the approach, findings, and recommendations for options and actions for low-carbon development. Chapter 8 summarizes the key findings across sectors and describes the main scenarios that were modeled across all sectors and their implications for greenhouse gas emissions and the economy. It provides general recommendations on how Nigeria can reconcile national growth objectives with low-carbon development using a cross-sector perspective.