Life Cycle Water Use of Ford Focus Gasoline and Ford Focus Electric Vehicles

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Source:
Journal of Industrial Ecology
Date:
27 August 2017

To place future discussions of sustainable mobility on a firmer technical basis, this report discusses the results of a cradle-to-grave assessment of water withdrawal and water consumption for the gasoline internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) and battery electric vehicle (BEV) variants of the 2012 Ford Focus.