Cities and “Budget‐based” Management of the Energy‐Water‐Climate Nexus: Case Studies in Transportation Policy, Infrastructure Systems, and Urban Utility Risk Management


Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy (AlChE)
Joshua B. Sperling
Anu Ramaswami
3 November 2017

This article reviews city case studies to inform a framework for developing urban infrastructure design standards and policy instruments that together aim to pursue energy efficiency and greenhouse gas mitigation through city carbon budgets and water use efficiency and climate risk adaptation through city water budgets. The authors propose combining carbon and water budgeting at the city scale to achieve successful coupled city carbon and water budget programs.