Innovations in Voluntary Renewable Energy Procurement: Methods for Expanding Access and Lowering Cost for Communities, Governments, and Businesses


National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Jenny Heeter
Joyce McLaren
1 September 2012

This report explores five options for fostering the voluntary purchase of renewable energy generation: community choice aggregation; community wind and solar programs; green power challenges and local collaborative electricity procurement; bulk purchasing of on-site systems; and reverse auctions for renewable energy. The report discusses business, utility, and consumer perspectives, as well as offering numerous case studies.