Renewable Energy Policy: Country Profiles


European Commission
Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI
Energy Economics Group
Lithuanian Energy Institute
Max Rathmann
Thomas Winkel
Eva Stricker
Mario Ragwitz
Anne Held
Benjamin Pfluger
Gustav Resch
Christian Panzer
Sebastian Busch
Inga Konstantinaviciute
1 October 2009

The purpose of this report was to assist European Commission Member State governments in preparing for the implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) and to guide a European policy for Renewable Energy Standards (RES) in the mid- to long-term. Included within this report are analyses of the effectiveness and efficiency of current and future RES support schemes. Current best practices are identified, and future costs of RES and the corresponding support necessary to initiate stable growth are assessed.