This study reviews the technology status for the production of renewable transport fuels (RTFs), discusses the possible progression in technologies required for the production of increasing quantities and different types of RTFs, and analyses the costs of the different RTF options and their potential contribution to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the U.K. transport sector. The primary drivers behind introducing RTFs into the United Kingdom are to: reduce transport sector dependency on non-renewable fuels; reduce GHG emissions from transport fuel chains; reduce the impact on air quality and health of transport fuel use; improve energy security in the transport sector; and contribute to rural development through domestic production of biomass-based fuels.
United Kingdom Department of Trade and Industry
Imperial College of London
1 January 2003