Power systems are designed and operated to efficiently manage variability and uncertainty in electricity demand and resource availability. Variable renewable energy (VRE) increases this inherent variability and uncertainty, and thus increases the need for flexibility.
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This pair of linked reports explores the scientific, technical economic, and policy opportunities for renewable energy technologies to address Africa’s electricity generation shortfall and tackle the challenge of energy poverty.
This report provides updates on auctions as a mechanism for price discovery and market development. Chapter 1 gives the highlights of renewable energy auctions held or announced in 2016. Chapter 2 reviews the main trends and analyses the evolution of prices resulting from auctions.
This brief quantifies air pollution and climate change externalities related to fossil fuels, along with the extent these can be reduced with higher uptake of renewables.