Environmental and Social Impacts of Hydroelectric Dams in Brazilian Amazonia: Implications for the Aluminum Industry


World Development
Philip M. Fearnside
1 January 2016

The authors of this paper take Brazil’s aluminum industry as a case study to demonstrate that exported electro-intensive products, such as aluminum, have fewer benefits than are portrayed by such heavily-subsidized and wealthy industries. They explore the “systematically underestimated” social and environmental impacts of dams, including population displacement and loss of livelihood (especially fisheries), biodiversity loss and greenhouse gas emissions.