Power Systems of the Future


21st Century Power Partnership (21CPP)
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Owen Zinaman
Mackay Miller
Ali Adil
Douglas Arent
Jaquelin Cochran
Ravi Vora
Sonia Aggarwal
Minnesh Bipath
Carl Linvill
Ari David
Matt Futch
Richard Kauffman
Efraín Villanueva Arcos
José María Valenzuela
Eric Martinot
Morgan Bazilian
Reji Kumar Pillai
1 February 2015

This report summarizes key forces driving transformation in the power sector around the world, presents a framework for evaluating decisions regarding extent and pace of change, and defines pathways for transformation. According to the authors, three approaches to policy and technology decision-making can guide the transformation: adaptive, reconstructive, and evolutionary. Within these three approaches, the report explores five pathways that have emerged as viable models for power system transformation.