This brief reviews the role of women in the formal energy sector. It presents evidence that women’s equal participation in the sector will result in measurable benefits, including increased returns on investments and stronger development outcomes. Additionally, the brief identifies ways in which women are driving the growth of the renewable energy sector, and it presents a global overview of best practices and solutions that remove barriers to participation.
This study analyses the results of renewable energy auctions globally. It provides an overview of the most recent renewable energy auctions, and of analyses trends in auction prices and designs. The analysis is meant to provide policymakers with an understanding of the dynamics of auctions to support their design in particular and to make informed choices of policy instruments in general.
This website provides an overview of the information available on energypedia that is related to mini-grids. Categories covered include planning, management and operation of mini-grids; financing, policy and regulatory frameworks for mini-grids; business model case studies; monitoring and evaluation of mini-grids; country case studies on mini-grids; web-based mini-grid tools; and mini-grid contacts).
This paper describes the relationship between renewable energy and sustainable development. In particular, it demonstrates how supporting the transition to 100% renewable energy is both a necessary condition and a driver for sustainable development that leaves no one behind. It examines how a transition to 100% renewable energy can contribute to the achievement of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and can be directly relevant to many of the 169 targets.
This publication assesses the decentralized renewable energy market in India—looking at the supply, demand and framework conditions for the sector—and articulates potential approaches to leveling the playing field. These approaches are meant primarily for the consideration of actors in the international development cooperation and financing space, such as development agencies, development financing institutions, multilateral development banks, philanthropic foundations and impact investors as well as relevant Indian government stakeholders at central and state levels.
In this report, successful entrepreneurs in energy share insights into what they have learned and what has held them back. A list of best practices and lessons learned is provided that focuses on approaches with the highest volumes or innovation dynamics, namely solar lanterns, improved cooking stoves, solar home systems, clean energy microgrids and solar irrigation pumps. The report focuses on market-based approaches. It is intended for entrepreneurs as well as large companies, investors, donors, and governments.
In 2016, a research team from Santa Clara University’s Miller Center for Social Entrepreneurship undertook survey research with Solar Sister to examine the effects of solar lantern use on users’ health, education, time allocation, household savings, income generation and increased agency. The team conducted a 53-question survey in more than 20 villages across five regions in Tanzania, with research assistants providing English-Swahili translation. The results of the study are presented in this report.
The 2017 edition of the Poor People's Energy Outlook considers how to best finance national integrated energy access plans for Bangladesh, Kenya and Togo based on the 2016 outlook’s analysis. The report looks at the mix of technologies and funding required to achieve national and global energy access goals, and the roles of civil society and the private and public sectors in making this a reality.
This report begins examines the role of electricity access in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and it provides a snapshot of the status of electricity access based on the recent Global Tracking Framework Data. It also explores how countries can create a conducive environment for a transformative electricity access roll out, how clean energy fits into the picture and how emerging and innovative service delivery models can accelerate progress on meeting SDG goals.
This paper is part of Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Energy Finance’s work-stream on market design and incorporates work already published as part of the Energy Transitions Commission, and new concepts presented as part of the Eurelectric Market Design 2050 program, among others. The paper highlights at least four major problems of incremental refinement to existing market models, and the authors proposes a two-market solution.
In this working paper, researchers analyze 5,563 municipalities in Brazil and show that demand side factors drive consumer uptake of PV distributed energy generation. This effect is so relevant that municipalities with lower annual solar radiation have, on average, more consumer units of distributed solar photovoltaic generation than municipalities with higher levels of radiation. The analysis is one of the first to examine the decentralized solar generation market at a municipality level in Brazil, yielding unique insights to this emerging industry.
On May 8–9 2017, at the sixth meeting of the San Giorgio Group (SGG) in Venice, Climate Policy Initiative brought together financial institutions actively engaged in low-emissions finance for frank discussions on the most pressing policy and investment issues related to scaling up climate action. A series of interviews were filmed during the 2017 SGG with representatives of governments and financial institutions to discuss financing needs, opportunities, and trends as countries work to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. This web page contains the video interviews.
This report is the first major survey of Tanzania’s mini-grid sector. It sheds light on lessons learned from Tanzania that can help accelerate mini-grid deployment across countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis points to three key actions for governments and practitioners across the continent: (1) creating an adaptive and responsive policy approach, (2) focusing on the entire mini-grid ecosystem and (3) investing in both qualitative and quantitative assessments of the development impacts of mini-grids.
This study seeks to understand why the past decade of alternative fuel policies has not led to commercialization of advanced alternative fuels, and how we can apply lessons learned to developing proposals for fuel policy over the coming decade. The authors first discuss key economic barriers that impede the commercialization of advanced alternative fuels.
This study attempts to systematically analyze finance that is being committed to energy access in developing countries, predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, and what is known about the disbursement of development finance for energy access or the challenges facing energy access enterprises. This research tracks and analyzes financing flows for electricity and clean cooking access in 20 countries.
This publication provides a baseline understanding of gender equality and women’s empowerment in East African Communities (EAC). It focuses on the current status of women in the energy sector and decision-making positions in East Africa, and it presents the main barriers to and achievements of gender equality and women’s empowerment in EAC.
This report starts with an overview of the latest insights from IRENA, with a focus on the role of renewable energy and energy efficiency in the decarbonization of the global energy system by 2050. It pays particular attention to the five largest energy-using countries of the G20, namely the People’s Republic of China, Germany, India, Japan and the United States, but it narrows its focus to 2030.
This report considers various current and forthcoming options to increase the uptake of renewables as one possible way to reduce industry sector energy and process carbon dioxide emissions. The main finding of the report is that the recent rapid cost reductions in solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind power may enable new options for greening the industry, either directly from electricity or through the production of hydrogen-rich chemicals and fuels. Simultaneously, electrification offers new flexibility options to better integrate large shares of variable renewables into power grids.
This report aims to contribute to the sustainable development of a thriving renewable energy sector by providing an update on the various initiatives that the Government of Mozambique and its international partners have taken. It also gives an overview of available resources, pilot projects, best practices and concrete investment opportunities.
Each year the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves invites organizations working in the sector to share their annual sales and distribution numbers. These self-reported data are compiled and used to model sector progress towards increasing access to and adoption of cleaner, more efficient cookstoves and fuels. This report presents data for 2017.
This report looks at the effects of shifting from feed-in-tariffs to competitive auction-tendering for solar procurement.
This paper focuses on a study carried out to evaluate the impact of solar PV installations on improving access to electricity at primary health centers (PHCs) and thereby improving health service delivery in Chhattisgarh, India. The evaluation was intended to: (1) understand the synergy between electricity access and delivery of healthcare services, (2) evaluate the impact of installed solar PV systems on addressing gaps in access to electricity and (3i) assess the gaps in the transition to higher standards of primary healthcare.
Improving the Financing Environment for Renewable Energy Projects through Local Administrative Capacity Building
A workshop titled, “Improving the Financing Environment for Renewable Energy Projects through Local Administrative Capacity Building” was held 4 October 2017 in Banja Luka. It sought to understand the complex energy sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to discuss key areas on the education of public officials, spatial planning, concession issues, involvement of NGOs and citizens. The workshop focused on four core topics: education of public officials, spatial planning, concession issues and involvement of NGOs and citizens.
This study aims to analyse the scale and scope of investments in low-carbon technologies in power generation, transport, buildings and industry (including heating and cooling) that are needed to facilitate an energy transition that would be consistent with limiting the rise in global temperature to well below two degrees Celsius (2°C), as set out in the Paris Agreement, and in a cost-effective manner. The findings of this report will inform G20 work on energy and climate in the context of the 2017 German G20 presidency.
This report identifies cost-effective renewable energy options for all EU Member States—spanning a wide range of sectors and technologies—to accelerate the deployment of renewables towards 2030. It also identifies areas where further action could be taken to unleash the full renewable energy potential identified.
This edition, the third edition of REthinking Energy presents evidence and a narrative of how renewable energy is being produced and used. A further boost has come from commitments by the private sector, including companies such as Google, Apple, and Facebook, which are committing to procure renewable energy for their operations, while a vibrant small and medium-size enterprise sector in emerging economies is pioneering new and successful models bringing sustainable energy to the energy poor.
In 2013, a team of MIT faculty and students traveled conduct a product evaluation of Solar Sister solar lanterns in western Uganda. They conducted hundreds of surveys with consumers, suppliers, manufacturers and nonprofits to evaluate 11 locally available models. The team assessed solar lanterns from three integrated perspectives: suitability (does a product perform its intended purpose), scalability (can the supply chain effectively reach consumers) and sustainability (is the product used correctly, consistently and continuously over time).
Electricity demand is expected to more than double to 2,000 terawatt-hours up to 2040 for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean). Most of this growth comes from residential and commercial buildings, mostly for cooling, such that by 2040, air-conditioning could account for up to 40% of Asean’s overall electricity demand. The author argues that a crisis can be avoided if the region adopts more efficient technologies and supports a culture change in cooling consumption.
The True Cost of Using Traditional Fuels in a Humanitarian Setting. Case Study of the Nyarugusu Refugee Camp, Kigoma Region, Tanzania
This publication aims to bring an economic rationale to the core of the humanitarian decision-making process by examining the specific issue of cooking in the Nyarugusu refugee camp. The current combination of wood-fuel and inefficient cook-stoves carries many hidden costs resulting in numerous negative externalities. using a monetary metric, the authors have identified and valued these costs, which are outlined in the report.
This annual IPEEC report presents the organization’s energy efficiency accomplishments in the areas of appliances and equipment, buildings, industry, power and transport.
This executive summary discusses the critical considerations for effective policymaking to accelerate the energy transition in Southeast Asia. It analyses trends in energy supply and consumption at the regional and national levels, drivers for renewable energy, resource potential, costs, benefits, policies and investment. The report considers utility-scale, roof-top as well as off-grid applications for expanding energy access.
Executive Summary: Perspectives for the Energy Transition-Investment Needs for a Low-Carbon Energy System
The objective of this study is to analyse the scale and scope of investments in low-carbon technologies in power generation, transport, buildings and industry (including heating and cooling) that are needed to facilitate an energy transition in a cost-effective manner while also working towards other policy goals. The findings of this report are intended to inform G20 work on energy and climate in the context of the 2017 German G20 presidency.
This manual is focused on providing local electricity supply that can be powered through a variety of sources, including available fuels and renewables such as solar panels. The toolkit is designed to facilitate rollout of mini-grids that meet the requirements of remote communities.